Study of morphologic changes in Karun River using linear directional mean, remote sensing and geographic information system

Document Type : Case Study


1 Department of the Environment, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of the Environment, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood Branch, Shahrood, Iran

3 Department of Environmental Science, Evaluation and Land Use Planning, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran


The study region is a section of the Karun River located in Khuzestan Province that stretches from Gotvand to Tange Aghili in Shushtar. This article intended, to study morphological changes in the Karun River using the “linear directional mean” and “mean center methods”, based on four series of satellite (Landsat TM and Landsat – ETM) images. The linear directional mean and the mean center methods were employed in a GIS environment to analyze the degree of changes in the river. Based on the linear directional mean method, the length of the river increased from “1958 to 1989 “but declined from” 1989 to 2010”. Results obtained from the mean center method, indicate that the extent of displacement in the studied interval did not follow a regular pattern. Finally, Results indicate that Karun River has undergone considerable changes and displacements in the different study periods in the study region.


Ahmadian Yazdi, M.J., (2001). Study on the role in plant covering control erosion put aside meander of the Tajan-Harir River. MSc Thesis, Gorgan University, Golestan, Iran.
Alavinezhad, N.; Ghanavati, A., (2004). Detection and Determination of Geomorphological Changes and Land Use in Moosa Creek (Imam Khomeini port and Mahshahr) using GIS, RS, M.Sc. thesis, Tehran Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran.
Alijani, B.; Gol Parnian, T., (2004). Synoptic patterns of Gorgan iver's floods. Q. Geog. J. Territory. 1(2): 1-20.
Al-Yasin, A., (2007). Use of river engineering in the Dez and Karun rivers, the National Iranian Committee on Large Dams, the ministry of power, 33(1):25-36.
Arshad, S.; Morid, S.; Mirabolghasemi, H., (2007). Study of the Trend of Morphological Changes in Rivers using Remote Sensing: Case Study, the Karun River from Gotvand to Farsiat. J. Agric. Sci. Nat. Resour.,4(6):58-69.
Cencetti, C.; Duranti, A.; Fredduzzi, A.; Marchesini, I., (2004). narrowing and bed incision of a cobble bed river in central Italy. Geophys. Res. Abstr.6(1)137-142.
Davarpanah, Gh., (2012). Study of Morphological Changes Downstream of Zanjanrood and Factors Influencing Them in a 35 Year Period, the Sixth International Conference on River Engineering, Shahid Chamran university, Iran.125-140.
Farrokhi, Z.; Barani, Gh.; Arshad. S., (2005). Study of river plan changes using remote sensing and GIS. 5th Conference of Iranian Hydraulic, Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran.69-75.
Forooghi A.M.; Shafai Bajestan, M.; Bani Razi,M.; Sajedi Sabegh,M., (2001).the applied of sinkable characterize for stability and management of seasonal rivers, the Third of Iranian Hydraulic Conference, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.140-152.
Gabrielle. CL.D.; Bledsoe, P. B.; Merritt, M. D.; Wohl, E., (2009). The impacts of ski slope development on stream channel morphology in white river national Forest, Colorado, Geomorphology. 375- 388.
Gharibreza, M.; Masoumi, H.; (2006). Zohreh River Morphology and Its Changes in Hendijan Delta7th International River Engineering Conference, Tehran, Iran.
Globevnik, L., (1998). Analysis of river morphological and environmental change with the integration of historical data and image processing in: modeling soil Erosion. sediment Transport and Closely Related Hydrological processes. IAHS 249.
Haghiabi, A.H., (1997). the geometric- hydraulic characteristically of Ghezel ozan river and Periodic of Geomorphological changes, The First of Hydraulic Conference, Tehran, Iran.120-128.
Hajiabadi, A.; (2004). Study of Morphological Changes in the Ghazal Ozan River using Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System, M.Sc. Thesis, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
Javaheri, N.; (2006). Predicting Morphological Changes in Meandering Rivers using Hydroinformatic Methods: Case Study, the Karun River, Doctoral thesis, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran.
Leopold, L.B.; Wolman, M.G., (1965). River Channel Patterns: Braided, Meandering and Straight. Physiographic. Hydraul. Stud. River., United States Government Printing Office, Washington, USA.
McCusker, M., (2006). Quantification of channel planform change over time using GIS: Pomperaug River. Department of Geography, Connecticut University, Connecticut, USA.
Michael, D.; Tamara. M., (2004). Analyzing changes in river channel morphology using GIS for Rio grand silvery minnow habitat assessment, New Mexico.
Miller, D.J.; Sias, J., (1998). Deciphering large landslides: linking hydrological groundwater and slope stability models through GIS, Hydrol. Processes., 12(6): 923-941.
Morid, S., (2004). Investigate the morphological changes of the Karun River using remote sensing. University Research Project, Tarbiyat Modarres, Tehran, Iran.
Morshedi, J., (2004). Detection and Determination of Changes in the Course of the Karun River using Satellite Data, Fuzzy Logic, and GIS, Doctoral Thesis, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran. 
Mossa, J.; Coley, D., (2004). Plan form change rates in rivers with and without instream and floodplain sand and gravel mining: assessing instability in the Pascagoula river and tributaries Mississippi -Department of Geography University of Florida, USA.
Orfeo, O.; Stevaux, J., (2002). Hydraulic and morphological characteristics of middle and upper reaches of the Parana´ River (Argentina and Brazil).
Parker, C.; Simon, A.; Thorne, C., (2008). The effects of variability in bank material properties on river bank stability. Goodwin Creek, Mississippi, Geomorphology, 101 (4). pp. 533-543.
Petts, G.E., (1986) Historical Changes in Large Alluvial River, John Wiley & Sons, USA. 
Sardashti, M., (2004). Morphological Study of the Taleghan Watershed using a Geographic Information System and Remote Sensing, Engineering Conference, Tehran, Iran.
Shirvani, K.; Yazdani M.R.; (2006). the erosion and sedimentation characterize in rivers and floods in Esfahan province main rivers, the first conference of Engineering, Tehran, Iran.
Simon, A.; Curini, A.; Darby, S.E.; Langendoen. E.J., (1999). Stream bank surface processes and landforms. J. Hydraul. Eng., 6(5): 469-484.
Talouri, A., (2004). Study of the Meandering River phenomenon in a Section of the Karun river, proceedings of the Third International Conference on River Engineering, Ahvaz, Iran.
Thorne, C.R., (2002). Geomorphic analysis of large alluvial rivers, Geomorphology, 44(5):203 -219.
Yang, X., (1996). Satellite remote sensing and geographic information system for monitoring morphodynamics of the active Yellow river delta. China. Geosci. Remote Sens. Symp., IGARSS, 4(1): 2240-2242.
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Serial Number 1
January 2019
Pages 13-20
  • Receive Date: 01 May 2018
  • Revise Date: 11 June 2018
  • Accept Date: 10 August 2018
  • First Publish Date: 01 January 2019