Assessing of informal settlements with the focus on the phenomenon of migration in the lower fabrics

Document Type : Original Article

Author

Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban planning, University of Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

10.22034/jumes.2021.249504

Abstract

Today, with the increasing population, high growth rate of poverty and the collapse of economic classes of households for economic reasons, the phenomenon of urban poverty has spread, which with consequences such as lack of housing and the formation of informal settlements in the city, has caused low quality of human life. Is. Informal settlements are not able to produce the desired quality of urban due to the unsuitable context of social interactions and practically spread their identity inefficiencies. Identifying and recognizing these contexts as well as evaluating the causes of formation can be important from a managerial point of view. Problems such as high unemployment, pressure on urban services and infrastructure, and severe inadequacies in providing housing for urban residents have subsequently led to large-scale migration, which will lead to the formation of a study infrastructure. Brought. The aim of this study was to identify the causes of the formation and how to identify informal settlements to evaluate the socio-economic criteria such as migration in the context of urban poverty. The method of the present study is analytical-descriptive that the analytical scale of informal settlements in the context of social problems such as migration was proposed and thus the sub-criteria and migration index with the aim of identifying the lower neighborhoods and the bed forming informal settlements correlated with urban poverty. High economic and social reasons for the origin of migration and the appropriate context of the destination can be the main reason for this phenomenon.

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