Explanation of Urban Form Management in order to Residential Open Space Impact

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Architecture, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Urban Planing, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planing, Iran University of Sciences and Technology, Tehran, Iran


Residential open space is considered an opportunity to have more relationship with nature and a place for social interactions. Upward to the limitation of internal space in residential units and its relation to exterior space, traversing up and recognizing the current land of open spaces will result in designing the residential open spaces more consciously in the hereafter. Open spaces between residential buildings are placed in daily life where residents have relations with nature and spend their leisure time. In current conditions, the houses built in urban cores such as Tehran are not capable to supply most of the Iranian life needs. Considering the decrease of per capita level of residential floor area, if residential open space can supply the individual and societal requirements of residents in various ages, it can be possible to transfer most of the life activities of the interior space to open spaces of complexes and to correct the life shortcomings in residential units with low areas around. In Expanding residential complex scale and their open spaces, residential open space scale goes beyond the household; it found a scale such as local and urban open space, however exploring in urban form and manage how masses shape could produce the wholeness of urban spaces is too important.


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  • Receive Date: 17 February 2019
  • Revise Date: 03 June 2019
  • Accept Date: 14 July 2019
  • First Publish Date: 20 August 2019