Document Type : Original Article
Department of Urban Planning, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Urban Planning, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran and Associate Professor and Member of the Faculty of Human Geography and Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
The purpose of this research is to determine the role and function of Iranian metropolises in regional development. The template paradigm in this research is based on critical theory. The method of gathering the data and information needed for the research was done through documentary studies, questionnaires and interviews, and the necessary analyzes were done through the method of meta-study and consensus of opinion. The results of the research show that among the economic functions, the way of income distribution, and among the social functions, human aspects, workforce and youth of the population, and among the environmental functions, climatic conditions have the greatest impact on regional development. The results of the research, including the analysis of the theories in favor and against the metropolises and the views of other different experts in relation to the regional development process, axes, intellectual foundation, topic and approaches of regional development, should be based on The intermediate point of view and the use of the relative benefits of all points of view based on interaction and intellectual discourse and taking into account spatial, spatial dimensions and territorial justice for all territorial areas (including metropolises, small and medium cities and villages) should be done together. Also, in the suggestions section, the type of approach, program, planning, program coverage, program scope, program preparation process, program implementation process, program level, and the role of the planner in the regional development of Iran were presented.