Document Type : Original Article
Department of Civil, Art and Architecture, Faculty of Urban Planning, Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
A categorization system is an approach, and at the same time, a general process for generating groups of ideas, objects, or concepts that all recognize them, while at the same time differentiating one into a whole. Urban square, as the main and urban space, needs a comprehensive understanding of the categorizing structure. The routine of urban squares classification approaches, as represented by theorists, has a formal or content-oriented construction and rarely has both of these dimensions. Only the stated categories do not really have the comprehensiveness to have a full-fledged methodology, and virtually all the standards that can be extracted by reverse engineering, for square recognition, lead the audience to some degree of ambiguity and complexity. The purpose of this research is to explain the new type of view and the criteria for the cognitive approach of one phenomenon, which can provide a complete categorization, which in this study is called the phenomenological category of the urban square, which is characterized by Urban Square Comprehensive Cognition Matrix that capability Applies to.The type of research is analytic-developing, an extension that is also used to explain the type of product used. With the use of this matrix, one can consider all aspects of the form and content in the square and in some way inject the meaning into its structure. This matrix, on the one hand, takes the criteria of cognition and on the other side covers the urban areas and also, if used for several types of squares, can be used as a means of comparing the quality of urban squares and their ranking. The matrix is an evolving of the criteria mentioned in the research of urban squares researchers, according to which the universality of the USCCM matrix can be confirmed. Finally, by patterning this category, the criteria mentioned in the study for evaluation and analysis of the urban square are also discussed in future studies.