Biophilic planning new approach in sustainability(Proposing conceptual model of livable city)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Arts and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Art and Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.

3 Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Arts and Architecture, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Ira


Urban environment is deteriorating even more rapidly unless people adopt eco-friendly policies. Livable city has long been a concept but it has not yet been universally applied in practice. One of the problems of our cities is away from nature. Biophilia is a term that stems from Greek roots meaning ‘love of life’. The concept of Biophilic planning can be associated some of the design strategies included in this pattern are potted plants, flowerbeds, courtyard gardens, green walls and green roofs. Biophilic planning is new approach focuses on healthy community and healthy individual outcomes. It seems Biophilic design and planning led to achieving livable cities.
The purpose of research is to explore components livability and Biophilic planning. The relationship between dependent and independent variables was also analyzed.
So, the research method is “descriptive-analytical”. On the other hand, qualitative research methods have been used. So, the Livability and Biophilic components have been concluded based on professional theories and interview. At finally, concept model of livability based on Biophilic planning has been proposed.


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