Evaluation of the optimal form of educational building based on energy consumption (Case study: Torbat Heydarieh city)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant professor, Faculty of Technical and Engineering, University of Torbat Heydarieh, Torbat Heydarieh, Iran

2 University of Torbat Heydarieh, Iran


Since the building sector has a significant contribution in energy consumption, it is very important to pay attention to ways to reduce energy consumption. In this research, an attempt has been made to provide a solution for the design of the building form based on the energy consumption of educational spaces in the cold and dry climate, especially Torbat Heydarieh city, at the building design stage. For this purpose, the climate of the region, the comfort conditions in it, the criteria for reducing energy consumption in the building sector and the design criteria and standards of the Faculty of Architecture have been examined and evaluated based on the available sources and documents. After conducting the studies, the location of each space has been analyzed and evaluated based on the usage and the amount of solar energy received using Ecotect and Radiance software. The method of analyzing the form of the educational building was based on the studies and the initial plan and form were modeled in the Revit software, and the plan was modified based on the spatial quality. After considering the solutions to reduce the consumption, the energy consumption in each mode has been measured using DesignBuilder software. Then again, the lighting of each space was controlled using Ecotect and Radiance software. In the end, by entering the information into the Mabna software, the correctness of the plan has been ensured based on the criteria of the 19th topic of the National Building Regulations of Iran.