Comparative Evaluation of Inter-Provincial Passenger Terminals (Case: Sofeh & Kaveh Terminals, Isfahan City)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor, College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Art University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

2 M.A. College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Daneshpajoohan Pishro Higher Education Institute, Isfahan, Iran


One of the most important infrastructures of the mentioned system is the Inter-Provincial Passenger terminals, which are considered the pole of the urban transportation system and connect the inner city and suburban roads. Inter-provincial terminals of the city of Isfahan such as Kaveh and Sofeh are among the terminals having a significant role in the transportation of the goods and passengers due to their location on the main corridors of the country; therefore, they may need to be investigated as well. Accordingly, the present study purpose to evaluation Kaveh and Sofeh terminals as the inter-provincial passenger terminals in the city of Isfahan. In order to achieve the above purpose, descriptive-analytical research method was used and data collection was done through library and field method (observation and questionnaire type. Then data analysis was done through Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. The results indicate that the Kaveh and Sofeh terminals had ideal conditions at the time of construction. But they are currently considered to be in a relatively desirable condition given the total environmental, economic, physical and social indicators related to the inter-provincial terminals. Also these terminals are not in sync with the population growth and physical expansion of the city of Isfahan. This decline is more severe for Kaveh terminal with a total score of 63 out of 100 in terms of the mentioned indicators to Sofeh terminal with a total score of 77 out of 100.


Amin, F., Budhi, S., & Jamaluddin, J. (2019). Analysis of Policy
Implementation of Type a Gambut Barakat Kilometer
17 Terminal Operation, Banjar District, Kalimantan
Selatan Province, Indonesia. European Journal of
Human Resource Management Studies. http://dx.doi.
Ariana, A & Salehi Najafabadi, (2015). Introducing postimplementation
evaluation methods for urban
development programs (with emphasis on Tehran
Master Plan document). Tehran: Secretary of the
Supreme Council for Urban Development, Tehran.
Ceder, A. (2016). Public transit planning and operation:
modeling, practice and behavior. CRC press.
Department of Railways and Transportation of
Isfahan Province. (2017). Provincial transportation
mode. Available via
UnitedTransportView.aspx, (Access on 03/03/1396).
Organization of Terminals and Park Riders of Tehran
Municipality. (2016). South terminal Available via http://
US#6815---, (accessed on 18/12/1395).
Gharagezlo, z. (1986). The role of evaluation in the urban and
regional planning process and its common techniques.
Tehran: Building and Housing Research Center, Ministry
of Housing and Urban Development.
Ghassemi Rad, H. (2010). Evaluation of detailed plan of Izeh
city. Master’s thesis of Isfahan University of Art. Faculty
of Architecture and Urban Planning.
Group Ferrovie Dello Stato Italiane. (2017). Roma Termini.
Available at:
16f90aRCRD. (Access on 18/3/2017).
Hadi Zadeh Zargar, S. (2012). Measurement and evaluation
of social sustainability (Case study: Mashhad city
neighborhoods). Master’s thesis of Isfahan University of
Art. Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning.
Isfahan Passenger Terminals Organization. (2016). Kaveh
and sofeh terminus. Available via
aspx?tempname=payane&lang=1&sub=38, (Access on
Kala, W., Boonyamalik, P., Kaewboonchoo, O., &
Bandhukul, A. (2019). Risk Factors of Near-Miss
Road Traffic Incidents among Inter-Provincial
Public Van Drivers in Thailand. Indian Journal of
Public Health Research & Development, 10(5).
Oliveira, V., & Pinho, P. (2010). Evaluation in urban planning:
Advances and prospects. CPL bibliography, 24(4), 343-361.
Rossi, P. H., Lipsey, M. W., & Freeman, H. E. (2003). Evaluation:
A systematic approach. Sage publications.
Sedayu, A. (2019). Evaluation of Performance Satisfaction
Level of Tawang Alun Green Terminal in Jember. In
11th Asia Pacific Transportation and the Environment
Conference (APTE 2018) (pp. 22-25). Atlantis Press.
Tahrizi, Z., Sugiarto, S., & Darma, Y. (2021). The
Performance Evaluation of Passenger Terminal:
A Case Study of Type B Terminal in Sigli, Aceh
Province. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series
(Vol. 1933, No. 1, p. 012094). IOP Publishing.
The Port Authority of New York & New Jersey. (2007).
Agency’s Transaction to Fund First Major Improvements
to Port Authority Bus Terminal in More Than 20 Years.
Available at:
cfm?headLine_id=932. (Access on 24/3/2017).
Tuloli, M. Y., Utiarahman, A., & Kaharu, A. (2019). Feasibility
Study on Type-B Terminal Location of Gorontalo City
Using Analytical Hierarchy Process. In International
Conference on Education, Science and Technology (pp.
11-16). Redwhite Press.
Weerawardana, W. J. (2011). Reduction of Traffic Congestion
in Colombo City by Improving Public Bus Transport.
Economic Review, 19-23.
Zidane, Y J-T., Johansen, A., Ekambaram, A. (2015). Project
Evaluation Holistic Framework - Application on
MegaprojectCase. ProcediaComputerScience, 64,409- 416.