Analyzing urban development evolutions in the age of globalization with emphasis on coastal recovery plans

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Urban planning, Kermanshah Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran.

2 Department of Urban planning, College of fine arts, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.


The concept of globalization has significantly influenced the theoretical literature of urban studies in recent years. creating the concept of a world city and identifying its advantages in modern urban planning has led many city governments to work on strengthening their cities' position as global cities; All of these efforts emphasize the need to enhance the competitiveness of cities to attract working capital in the age of globalization. Improving the level of competitiveness through physical interventions and creating safe and attractive environments to attract investors, brokers and tourists as a sign of return on investment, has been at the forefront of the goals of the globalization process. To increase their role in this process, many cities have reconstructed and scaled their operations compared to the past. The ports and beaches of many cities provide unparalleled examples of the changing role of cities in the process of globalization. This study is an attempt to highlight the importance of urban design in strengthening cities' level of competitiveness in the age of globalization. In this regard, the interpretive-analytical method is used to explain the topic and theoretical aspects related to the effects of globalization on cities in general, and its impact on coastal recovery projects in particular (Hong Kong Beach Project, Shanghai Beach Reconstruction Project, San Guiliano Venice Beach Park, Pittsburgh Beach Project) to examine how urban design responds to globalization and Finally develop guiding processes to guide coastal recovery projects towards globalization.