The Effect of Using Smart Dynamic Skins on Increasing Visual Comfort and Use of Daylight in Schools

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Architecture, Tehran South Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Architecture, Hashtgerd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hashtgerd, Iran


Creating suitable lighting conditions in educational environments is one of the most important factors in the design of such spaces and have significant effects on the mental and physical conditions of students, as well as reducing energy consumption. But for the design of space lighting, attention should be paid to not creating too much or too little light and glare in the space. One of the modern solutions to provide these conditions is the use of dynamic and smart skins that react based on the amount of light. In this research the impact of the presence of dynamic smart shade and its absence on the amount of sufficient light supply and the possibility of glare in a classroom will be examined. The purpose of this research is to prove the better performance of the designed dynamic and smart facade, in providing proper light and no glare in the climate. Based on the obtained results, it was found that the design with the help of Iranian-Islamic architectural patterns in smart shade systems, especially on the southern side of the buildings, leads to the creation of visual comfort in the environment. Also, according to the results obtained from the comparison of the two facade systems, in all the analyses, the intelligent facade, unlike the case without the shade, has been able to provide enough light for more than 50% of the class area at all times, without causing glare.