Explaining the role of urban furniture on attendance based on the behavioral pattern of architecture students (Case example: Open space of Islamic Azad University complex of Sari)

Document Type : Case Study


1 Department of architecture, Faculty of architecture, Noor branch, Islamic Azad University, Noor, Iran

2 Department of architecture, Faculty of architecture, Sari branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran

3 Department of architecture, Faculty of architecture, Jouybar branch, Islamic Azad University, Jouybar, Iran


Considering the role of academic spaces and their quality on the progress and efficiency of students, as well as providing a platform for increasing social interactions between them, open spaces as a part of university complexes can be the basis for the active presence of students, participation in collective activities and the use of the capabilities of the environment. Nowadays, the lack of or inappropriate quality of the furniture has led to the non-optimal use of students and as a result, decreasing their attendance and the dynamics of open spaces in these collections. Therefore, this research aims to investigate the role of the characteristics and indicators of the furniture in the seating area on social interactions and their presence in the use of these elements in the open space. This research is based on descriptive-analytical research and two documentary methods and a questionnaire have been used to obtain information, and the obtained information has been analyzed and evaluated by SPSS software in the case of Islamic Azad University of Sari. The results show that the furniture is mostly used for sitting and talking with friends on the university campus, and the performance of the furniture is more satisfactory compared to its beauty and form. In addition, there is a relationship between social interactions and factors affecting attendance, and this means that increasing the number of social interactions will result in more attendance. In future research, the internal relationships of the investigated indicators and their results can be developed.


Volume 4, Issue 1 - Serial Number 1
February 2022
Pages 164-177
  • Receive Date: 07 July 2022
  • Revise Date: 21 September 2022
  • Accept Date: 23 November 2022
  • First Publish Date: 23 November 2022