Climatic compatible future cities locating approach to less non-renewable energy consumption

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Mechanical engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, 84156-83111, Iran

2 Department of Art and Architecture, Guilan University, Rasht, Iran.

3 Department of Geography, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran


More than half of the world’s population lives in cities. Cities and climate have tremendous interactions. Slight changes in one of the climatic factors disrupt the balance of civilizations. Hence, neglecting these factors makes cities to face with hazardous. Due to explosive population growth and urbanization, locating climatic compatible future cities is worldwide concern. The main goal of present study is identifying effective climate factors on future cities locating approach to low non-renewable energy consume and compatible with climate. For this purpose, using questionnaire from experts, pairwise comparison in Expert Choice software, and Micmac structural analysis, data were divided into 4 factors and 23 sub-factors. Results show that, the temperature and solar radiation factors have the highest effects and the lowest score dedicated to the wind factor. Micmac structural analysis shows that altitude, latitude, radiation direction, and distance from the sea factors are key and sensitive (driver) factors; radiation duration, time-dependent fluctuations, sky cover and sunshine hours, and precipitation factors are high risk (linkage) factors; atmospheric specifications, relative humidity fluctuations, heat gain, glacial days, horizontal pressure gradient factors are dependent factors and solar radiation fluctuations factor is independent (autonomous) factor.


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