Evaluating the role of social values in the formation of the architectural structure of Qajar houses in the context of the urban fabric (Case study: Qajar houses in Yazd city)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of architecture, Faculty of art, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Research in Arts and History, Faculty of Arts, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran


Considering the identity crisis caused by industrial and modern housing production in modern times and the existence of social problems because of the lack of identity of residential areas and biological complexes in the settlements, investigating the social structure of Qajar period houses for example in the context of cities. This can be of great help in analyzing these issues. This research has a descriptive-analytical view, which is purposed on development and application. The method of collecting information is the library and survey, and besides that, direct observation, reliable sources, and maps have also been used. First, after analyzing the theoretical foundations and the history of the research, factors were extracted as the results of the research framework and presented as the final indicators proposed as a model using the Delphi method. The findings of the indexes to investigate social values in the architecture’s formation of Qajar period houses were evaluated and scored using graphical analysis in each index. The findings show that the indicators of geometry, centrality and privacy have the biggest impact, and considering the numerical score of the Meshkian house, with a score of 4.33, it has the highest level of social influence in the formation of its architecture. In future research, by comparing the Qajar and Pahlavi periods, these indicators can be expanded and their internal relationships can also be investigated.


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