Urban Resilience Analysis against Flood (Case Study: Sari Region 2)

Document Type : Case Study


1 PhD student, Geography and Urban Planning, Islamic Azad University, Noor Branch, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Islamic Azad University, Noor Branch, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Islamic Azad University, Noor Branch, Iran

4 Associate Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Islamic Azad University, Noor Branch, Iran


at present, the dominant view has changed from concentrating on decreasing vulnerability to increasing resilience against disasters. The purpose of this research is to analyze urban resilience against floods in region 2 of Sari. The current research is descriptive-analytical in terms of method and practical in terms of purpose. Research data has been collected through library studies and field observations with observation tools and questionnaires. The statistical population of the research, experts and specialists of Sari city, in relation to resilience and sample size, has been calculated by cluster sampling method to be 30 people. To analyze the information, a multi-indicator decision-making method (TOPSIS) was used and the areas were ranked. The findings of the research indicate that region 2 of Sari is weak in terms of resilience, because the area 2-2 in terms of economic and institutional dimensions, area 3-2 in terms of physical-environmental dimensions have a low resilience status. Area 4-2 is weak in terms of all dimensions of resilience. The results have shown that the factors causing worn-out tissue, impermeability, poor management, unemployment and low level Critical uses and a large number of vulnerable people have caused the low level of resilience in this area, and it is necessary to consider strategies such as increasing people's participation in district management and increasing the coordination and integration of district management with the guidance of urban management in order to improve these factors and promote resilience.


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