The role of architectural components in increasing the efficiency of researchers in research centers (Case study: Iran's Space Town)

Document Type : Case Study


1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Iranian University Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Iranian University Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

3 Associated Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Iranian University Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran


Efficiency and effectiveness are two very influential concepts and ideas in evaluating the performance of any organization to achieve aims with the least number of resources. Among the factors affecting the efficiency and effectiveness of human resources are the components and elements based on the architecture of the work environment. The research method is a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods that was done in several stages. After reviewing the comparative studies, the indicators and primary components of the model have been extracted. In the next step, the indicators and components were identified and determined through interviews with experts. Then, a quantitative questionnaire was compiled and distributed among experts to validate the research model. Then the obtained data has been subjected to statistical analysis. The statistical population of the research is the experts of advanced science and technology centers, specifically Iran Space town. The data collection tool is a semi-structured interview and a quantitative questionnaire. The reliability of the questionnaire was also checked using Cronbach's alpha test, and the results show that the alpha coefficient is higher than the standard value of 0.7, so the questionnaire has adequate reliability. Data analysis was done using SPSS20 software and structural equation method with SMARTPLS software. The results show that physical and environmental factors and components affect the efficiency of researchers. Finally, 15 components were identified as physical components affecting the efficiency of researcher, also 9 factors were identified as environmental components affecting the efficiency of researchers in Iran's space town.


Ali, B. S.; Mohammad, K. (2022). Evaluating efficiency
in construction projects with the TOPSIS model and
NDEA method considering environmental effects
and undesirable data. Iranian Journal of Science and
Technology. Transactions of Civil Engineering; Shiraz,
46(2), 1589e1605.
Barrera, E.L., Rosa, E., Spanjers, H., Romero, O., De Meester,
S.; Dewulf, J., (2016). A comparative assessment of
anaerobic digestion power plants as alternative to
lagoons for vinasse treatment: life cycle assessment and
exergy analysis. J. Clean. Prod. 113, 459-471. https://doi.
Darvish Narenjbar, P. (2015). Improving the quality of
architectural space with the use of light and color
psychology (case study: coffee shop lighting design),
Master of Architecture thesis, Khazar Higher Education
Dongjoon. Choia, Hansol. Lee, Ho-Young. Lee, Hyun-
Young. Park, (2022), The association between
human resource investment in IT controls over
financial reporting and investment efficiency,
International Journal of Accounting Information
Systems, Volume 43, December 2021, 100534.
Doreh Ranjber, R, Param, A (2015), Interior architecture of
the effect of lighting in cafe design, National Conference on Sustainable Architecture, Looking to the Future,
Volume 1.
Ghannadzadeh, A., Sadeqzadeh, M., (2016). Exergy analysis
as a scoping tool for cleaner production of chemicals:
a case study of an ethylene production process. J.
Clean. Prod. 129, 508-520.
Gonçalves, M., Freire, F.; Garcia, R., (2021). Material flow
analysis of forest biomass in Portugal to support a
circular bioeconomy. Resour. Conserv. Recycl. 169,
Kwon, M., Remøy, H.; van den Bogaard, M. (2019).
Influential design factors on occupant satisfaction
with indoor environment in workplaces. Building and
Environment, 157, 356-365.
Lozano, F.J., Lozano, R., Freire, P., Jim’enez-Gonzalez, C.,
Sakao, T., Ortiz, M.G., Trianni, A., Carpenter, A., Viveros,
T., (2018). New perspectives for green and sustainable
chemistry and engineering: approaches from
sustainable resource and energy use, management, and
transformation. J. Clean. Prod. 172, 227-232. https://doi.
Mokhniuk, A; Yushchyshyna, L, (2018), The Impact of
Monetary and Non-Monetary Factors of Motivation
on Employee Productivity, Economic, Journal of Lesya
Ukrainka East-European National University. https://
Pandey, U.; Singh, S. (2022). Data envelopment analysis in
hierarchical category structure with fuzzy boundaries.
Annals of Operations Research, 315(2),1517e1549.
Rubel, M. R. B., Rimi, N. N., Yusliza, M. Y.; Kee, D. M. H. (2018).
High commitment human.resource management
practices and employee service behaviour: Trust
in management as mediator, IIMB Management
Review, 30(4): 316-329.
Saeed, B. B., Afsar, B., Hafeez, S., Khan, I., Tahir, M.; Afridi,
M. A. (2019). Promoting employee’s proenvironmental
behavior through green human resource management
practices, Corporate Social Responsibility and
Environmental Management, 26(2), pp. 424-438.
Saleem, M., Qadeer, F., Mahmood, F., Ariza-Montes, A.;
Han, H. (2020). Ethical Leadership and Employee Green
Behavior: A Multilevel Moderated Mediation Analysis,
Sustainability, 12(8), 3314.
Shen, J.; Benson, J. (2016). When CSR is a social
norm: How socially responsible human resource
management affects employee work behavior, Journal
of Management, 42(6), pp. 1723-1746. https://doi.
Silsopour, A, Noghsiyan Mohammadi, M.R, Omidari,
S. (2014), The place of light in the visual beauty of
architecture, the first annual conference of architecture,
urban planning and urban management projects.
Singh, S. K., Del Giudice, M., Chierici, R.; Graziano, D. (2020).
Green innovation and environmental performance:
The role of green transformational leadership and
green human resource management, Technological
Forecasting and Social Change, 150, 119762. https://doi.
Singh, S. K., Mittal, S., Sengupta, A.; Pradhan, R. K. (2019). A dualpathway
model of knowledge exchange: linking human
and psychosocial capital with prosocial knowledge
effectiveness, Journal of Knowledge Management.
Soltani, I; Samdanian, H. (2014), Identification of
operational behaviors based on organizational values
in the operational layer, scientific-research journal of
human resource management research, spring 2014,
Zander, H.J.; Canivet, J., (2021). A disruptive innovation
for upgrading methane to C3 commodity chemicals.
Johnson Matthey Technol. Rev. 65 (2), 311-329. https://