The impact of modern construction technology in improving the quality of the architectural environment of sustainable educational buildings

Document Type : Original Article


Department of architecture and urban planning, Faculty of Geography and urban planning, Bakhtar High institute Education, flam, Iran


Thus, the construction of sustainable educational buildings with high performance can be a suitable strategy for solving the existing problems. In this regard, the present study is aimed to analyze the effects of modern construction technology in improving the quality of the architectural environment of sustainable educational buildings. The study methodology is a descriptive-survey design. The statistical population consisted of architects and designers of smart buildings, 170 of whom were selected using the Cochran formula. A researcher-built questionnaire was distributed and its face validity and Cronbach's alpha reliability were confirmed as 0.910. The data were analyzed using correlation tests and multivariate regression in spss software. The results showed that the new technology variables of energy consumption reduction, using water resources, indoor environment quality, site selection and materials have a significant relationship with the environmental quality and sustainability of educational buildings. Among the mentioned variables, the modern technology of indoor environment quality by 25% and modern technology of materials by 24% showed a significant impact on the quality and sustainability of the educational buildings environment. Finally, it can be said that there is a wide range of innovative materials and methods and the design of educational buildings to respond to new conditions, and to achieve these goals, key measures such as financial support, awareness, international cooperation for enhancing product development, infrastructure development, developing zero energy buildings, etc. are required.


Asefi, Maziar; Imani, Elnaz. (2012). The challenges of new
technologies in architecture and its interaction with
Islamic architectural values of Iran. Bagh Nazar, 9 (21):
Barshadet, Negin; Shuai, Hamidreza; Rezvani, Alireza.
(2019). Explain the components and indicators of
environmental sustainability of educational spaces
in Iran with an emphasis on evaluation systems of
educational green spaces. Ecology, 45 (1): 171-192.
Bayyat, Maryam; Taherkhani, Faezeh. (2016). Comparative
investigation of traditional methods and building
industrialization in terms of time and cost. Specialized
Scientific Journal of Construction Engineering and
Management, 1 (1): 28-32.
Porsistani, Popak and Pone Porsistani, (2015). The role
of new materials in the realization of sustainable
architecture, the 2nd international conference on
new researches in civil engineering, architecture and
urban planning. Turkey. The leading institute of Karin
Dadvar, Adila; Nazim al-Baka Jahormi, Maryam. (2012).
The impact of new technologies in the construction
of educational spaces and the extent of its effect on
children’s spatial perception (comparative comparison
of a number of modern and non-modern primary
schools in Shiraz). The 1st national conference of new
ideas and technologies in architecture, March 20, 2012,
Tabriz, Iran.
Kiang, J. (2016). Green Building: Platinum brand of plan
design and building volume. Translator: Nader Kaveh,
First edition, Alam Memar Royal, Tehran.
Ford, Allen (2010). Architecture of modern schools, first
edition, translated by Mojtaba Dolatkhah. Tehran:
Bakhtar Publications.
Ghahremani, Arash. (2008). Changes in Iran’s construction
industry, Hoviat Shahr magazine,3.
Lotf Atta, Ainaz. (2008). The effect of environmental factors
on learning and behavior in educational (primary)
environments in the city, Urban Management Journal, 6
(21): 73.
Mamandi, Sirvan; Khorrami, Fouad. (2017). Present
nanotechnology research center design patterns with
ecotech architecture approach. Shabak Scientific Journal,
3 (7 and 8), Serial (26 and 27): 31-42.
Moradi, Golnama; Karimianpour, Ghafar; Sayyadi, Yasin;
(2016). Investigate the relationship between the quality
of life in school and its components with the link between
students and school, the 2nd international conference on
applied research in educational sciences and behavioral
studies and social harms of Iran, Islamic Studies and
Research Center of Soroush Hikmat Mortazavi, Tehran.
Study and planning center of Tehran (2012). New
construction technologies and the impact of their use
in Tehran, information technology management and
document center.
Meiboudi, Hassan. (2016). Present the evaluation model
of Iran’s green schools using fuzzy multi-criteria
decision-making methods, a doctoral thesis in the field
of environmental management, Faculty of Environment
and Energy, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Science and
Research Branch.
Nazkeshtkaran, Pari; Movahed, Khosrow; Barzegar
Marvesti, Zahra. (2017). Optimiz the walls of the school
building in order to achieve a sustainable architecture
of exemplary schools in Shiraz city. Educational
Innovations, 16(2): 7-24.
Nazzarpour, Mohammad Taghi; Norouzian Maleki, Saeed.
(2018). Identify the architectural components effective
in promoting students’ learning with an emphasis on
the open spaces of schools based on the document of
the fundamental transformation of education. Journal of
Teaching and Learning Studies, 10(2): 165-193.
Vojdanzadeh, Laden. (2013). The use of nanotechnology in
architecture, Armanshahr Architecture and Urbanism
Journal, (13): 137-149.
Abidin, N.Z. (2010). Investigating the awareness and
application of sustainable construction concept by
Malaysian developers. Habitat Int. 34: 421-426. https://
Akadiri, P.O., Chinyio, E.A. and Olomolaiye, P.O. (2012).
Design of A Sustainable Building: A Conceptual
Framework for Implementing Sustainability in the
Building Sector; Buildings, 2, 126-152. https://doi.
Boss, S. (Winter 2000). Big lesson on a small scale.
Northwest Education, 6(2), 2-9.
Cebeci, N. (2005). Enerji tasarrufu ve mimar. Ege
Üniversitesi Güneş Enerjisi Enstitüsü 4. Yenilenebilir
Enerjiler Sempozyumu ve Sanayi Sergisi Bildirisi. İzmir.
Chiesa, G., & Grosso, M. (2017). An environmental
technological approach to architectural programming
for school facilities. In Mediterranean green buildings &
renewable energy (pp. 701-715). Springer, Cham. https://
Da Silva, P. M., & Gouveia, L. B. (2018). A model for
construction of High Quality Learning Environmentsthe
relevant factors. In Edulearn 18. 10th International
Conference on Education and New Learning
Technology:(Palma, 2nd-4th of July, 2018). Conference
proceedings (pp. 9302-9310). IATED Academy.
Eberhard, J. P. (2009). Brain landscape the
coexistence of neuroscience and architecture.
Oxford University Press.
Fahmy, Y. A., & Othman, A. A. (2020, December).
Flexible design: an innovative approach for achieving
sustainability in primary public schools in Egypt. In IOP
Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
(Vol. 974, No. 1, p. 012018). IOP Publishing. https://doi.
Hazman H.H., Denan, Z. (2015). Importance of Preserving the
Natural Environment in the Design Schools in Malaysia,
Asian Conference on Environment-Behaviour Studies
Chung-Ang University, Seoul, S. Korea, 25-27 August
2014, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 170:177 -
Kang, H. J., & Rhee, E. K. (2014). Development of a
sustainable design guideline for a school building in
the early design stage. Journal of Asian Architecture
and Building Engineering, 13(2), 467-474. https://doi.
Lawson, R. F. (1994). The American project for educational
reform in Central Europe. Compare, 24(3), 247-257.
Mahdavinejad, M., Zia, A., Larki, A.N., Ghanavati, S. and
Elmi, N. (2014). Dilemma of green and pseudo green
architecture based on LEED norms in case of developing
countries, International Journal of Sustainable Built
Environment, 3(2): 235-246.
Martinez, T., Duarte, M., & Garcia-Luna, A. C. (2021). How
using smart buildings technology can improve indoor
environmental quality in educational buildings. In SHS
Web of Conferences (Vol. 102, p. 03003). EDP Sciences.
Mazzoli, C.; Iannantuono, M.; Giannakopoulos, V.;
Fotopoulou, A.; Ferrante, A.; Garagnani, S. (2021).
Building Information Modeling as an Effective Process
for the Sustainable Re-Shaping of the Built Environment.
Sustainability, 13, 4658.
Ochoa, C. E., & Capeluto, I. G. (2008). Strategic decisionmaking
for intelligent buildings: Comparative impact
of passive design strategies and active features in a hot
climate. Building and environment, 43(11), 1829-1839.
Olson, S. and Carney, J. (2003). “Sustainable K-12
sustainableschools.pdf (October 30, 2010).
Ramli N.H., Masri, M.H., Zafrullah, M., Taib, H.M. and
Hamid, N.A. (2012). Comparative study of green school
guidelines. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 50:
Sinopoli, J. M. (2009). Smart buildings systems for architects,
owners and builders. Butterworth-Heinemann.
Somalı, B., & Ilıcalı, E. (2009). Leed ve Breeam uluslararasi
yeşil bina değerlendirme sistemlerinin değerlendirilmesi,
IX. Ulusal Tesisat Mühendisliği Kongresi.
Tasci, B. (2015). Sustainability, Education by Sustainable
School Design. Procedia - Social and Behavioral
Sciences, 186, 868 - 873.
Zhang, Y., Wang, J., Hu, F. and Wang, Y. (2017). Comparison
of evaluation standards for green building in China,
Britain, United States; Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Reviews; 65(1): 262-271.
Zhao, D.X., He, B.J. and Meng, F.Q. (2015). The green
school project: A means of speeding up sustainable
development?. Geoforum, 65: 310-313. https://doi.
Zomorodian, Z. S., & Nasrollahi, F. (2013). Architectural
design optimization of school buildings for reduction
of energy demand in hot and dry climates of Iran.
International Journal of Architectural Engineering &
Urban Planning, 23, (1, 2), 41-50.