Reviewing and evaluating the indicators of landscape-oriented and ecological urbanism to achieve sustainable development (case study: Shahmirzad city)

Document Type : Case Study


Department of Urban Design, Faculty of Technical Engineering, Azad University of north Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Growing urban environments, as a basis of complex relationships between the economy, politics, society, and culture, require a broad and complex range of approaches, perspectives, and solutions to respond to today's conditions and the consequences of the continued development process. People and nature affect each other positively or negatively. Considering the topic's importance, this research aims to investigate and evaluate three models of ecological urbanism, landscape urbanism, and sustainable development. The research method is based on adapting these approaches to human needs in nature in the form of these views. Urban planning experts who are familiar with the study area have been selected as the statistical population of this research, and 147 people have been selected as the sample size. Information collection has been done by identifying indicators in the thinker's opinions and the survey of the study area (questionnaire). The results have been done through factor analysis using SPSS software; Also, the research framework is affected by a coordinated table and integrated analysis of existing concepts and their matching with the components extracted from Shahmirzad city. The research results show that among the seven main features taken from the theories and scope of the study, ten main factors are influential in all three views. Among the ten factors, suitable climate factors, the spatial relationship of the artificial and natural environment, quality of life, and minimizing the use of green and natural areas for construction and development are considered the main issues in all three theories.


  • Receive Date: 02 November 2022
  • Revise Date: 10 January 2023
  • Accept Date: 25 February 2023
  • First Publish Date: 17 April 2023