Theoretical Analysis of the Politicized Institutional Analysis and Development (PIAD) framework with the approach of urban flood management

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Art and Architecture, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Urban Planning, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran


Floods are one of the most complex natural disasters from the perspective of recognizing,
understanding, managing, and controlling its consequences, and the manifestations of this
phenomenon, are many times higher in the Asia continent, especially in Iran. Urban issues in
countries like Iran have always been one of the most central issues of human life and civil decisionmaking.
institutional approach is one of the newest scientific approaches to responding to major
issues such as development, planning, and crisis. Until now, developed institutional evaluation
frameworks, such as the development evaluation framework and Politicized Institutional Analysis
and Development have not been introduced to the flood crisis in the Iran area. The main goal of
the present study is the theoretical and methodological introduction of PIAD and its adaptation to
the theoretical and practical context of the flood phenomenon and its management. This current
study is qualitative research and relies on documentary research methods based on analysis of
the evaluator-oriented institutional frameworks. The researcher identifies that PIAD has been
explained by comparing the two frameworks of its underlying and superstructure dimensions,
including two new components “politico-economic context” and “discourse” and also its useability
on flood phenomenon has been described.
the findings of the research indicate the presence of a model on the adaptation of PIAD to the
phenomenon of urban floods. In future studies, other kinds of institutional-based comprehensive
framework analysis can be introduced theoretically and methodologically and PAID framework
can be operationally implemented in one of the river cities of the country.