Explaining the role of In-Between Spaces in increasing the quality of life (Case study: Ekbatan, Atisaz, and Hormozan residential complexes)

Document Type : Case Study


1 Ph.D. student, Department of Urban planning and Architecture, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Urban planning and Architecture, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran


The in-between space includes the spaces that connect public and private spaces and are used everywhere and under supervision, proving that these spaces are somehow creating ambiguity and conflict on the border of territories and possessions. In residential complexes, by defining the in-between space, the connection between the inside and outside space is created in the form of a logical hierarchy, and the environment outside the public street and neighborhood spaces become more private with a hierarchy until they reach the inside of the house. The method of research includes qualitative approach and it’s based on descriptive-analytical with content analysis and a combination of inductive and comparative methods. In order to compare the nature of the residents' behaviors, the data was collected through behavioral perception research tools and questionnaires. The collected data is a comprehensive picture of the case studies (Ekbatan, Atisaz and Hormozan residential complexes) with a focus on the influence of the features related to the middle space in the configuration of the selected residential complex in terms of existence or non-existence of space, middle layout and their proportions. The result of the ranking done by the TOPSIS method has determined that the order of closeness to the ideal state is among Hay residential complex, Atisaz residential complex in the first place, Hormzan complex in the second place and Ekbatan residential complex as the farthest complex from the ideal state and it is in the third place.


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