Semantic concepts in the evaluation of the body of the new and old fabric of Bandar Laft

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Architecture, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran


This research examines the tension between modernization and preservation of cultural heritage in Bandar Laft, a historical port village in Iran that has undergone significant changes due to economic growth and modernization. One hypothesis is the combination of traditional architectural features and materials in new buildings and the other hypothesis is to preserve and protect the historical monuments of the region. The research method uses a qualitative and normative approach using phenomenological and hierarchical research strategies to deepen the content and reach basic concepts. A conceptual framework is presented using modeling, conceptual matrices, and drawing comparative diagrams. The acquisition steps included completing the matrix based on documents, observations, available background and interviews with residents. The coordinates of the meanings in the place and mind of each element of the residential fabric of Bandar Laft were drawn and the frequency of each concept was calculated. The highest score and average semantic values of Bandar Laft's local historical context were obtained at "immediate-primary" value levels. This research concludes that old textures have a functional-instrumental level of value, which is important because it aligns the reality of the fabric with the associated meaning in the viewer's mind. On the other hand, new textures try to be in tune with the spirit of the times, but often lack individual and private connotations. This comparative analysis provides insights into ways to balance economic growth and development with cultural heritage preservation in the built environment of Bandar Laft.


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