Low-cost Housing Model Considering Economic-Social Factors (Case Study: The Architecture of Kerman’s Contemporary Residential Buildings)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Ph.D. student of architecture, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art, Architecture and Urbanism, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Art, Architecture and Urbanism, Kerman Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kerman, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Art Studies, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.


Housing is the particular center of people’s activity and a part of Iranian society’s identity according to their social, economic, and cultural conditions. Socio-economic concerns have always been significant in residential complexes, but they are particularly vital in low-cost housing, such as Maskan-e-Mehr, because of the complex’s isolation from the city and the residents’ lack of familiarity. Therefore, social continuity is not formed, and people ignore improving their living conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the low-cost housing indicators and the influence of socio-economic factors on its models in Kerman, Iran, considering that because of real estate housing syndrome, socio-economic factors produce quantitative and qualitative indicators of low-cost housing. This case study was conducted using various information sources with qualitative and quantitative results, and the data were analyzed using ANP and AHP methods. The research objective was to provide a low-cost housing formation model considering economic-social factors. The results showed that the administrative bureaucracy sub-criteria are the most effective among the project’s components. The sub-criteria of weakness in the contract due to execution type, contract incompatibility, exclusivity in material supply, and transportation costs were placed in the following priorities.


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