Discovering the language of the residential architectural pattern of the emerging cities of western Iran based on graph and Isovist theory (Case study: Ilam City)

Document Type : Case Study


1 Department of Architecture, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran

2 Associated professor, Architecture and Urbanism Faculty, Jundi-Shapur University of Technology, Dezful, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran


Patterns, texture and architecture play a significant role in understanding the culture and life of a region, so knowing the customs of the residents of a region is part of the group of knowing the architectural patterns of that region. Architects have used many methods to recognize architectural patterns, such as graph and isovist theory, space layout approaches, spatial configuration. In this research, the application of this theory has been investigated in residential contexts (old, new, rural) of Ilam province. The current research is applied and exploratory in terms of purpose. To carry out this research, using the method of field studies, three old, new and rural textures of Ilam province (new texture) were identified, taken and drawn. The simulation of house maps is by using computer drawings and by means of specialized software for space layout and syntax, i.e., Space Syntax plugin in Depthmap software. Based on the detailed analysis of three types of houses - old houses, rural houses and newly built houses - different features and spatial configurations can be observed. Each type of house reflects different cultural values, lifestyle preferences and design approaches. In summary, the spatial configuration of old houses, rural houses and newly built houses show distinct characteristics and reflect different cultural values and lifestyle preferences. Understanding these spatial configurations provides valuable insights for architects, designers, and researchers in creating homes that harmonize with specific cultural contexts and meet the evolving needs of residents in diverse environments.


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