Participatory Planning in Sustainable Urban Development (Case Study: Tehran City)

Document Type : Case Study


1 Ph.D. researcher, Advancement in Architecture and Urban Planning Research Center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Advancement in Architecture and Urban Planning Research Center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department in urban planning, Tourism Research Center, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran


Nowadays, with the increase in population and complexity of urban management and planning, it is necessary to benefit from the potential of people to participate in planning and executive affairs. The need to achieve participatory space in urban planning has become evident to planners and stakeholders. Modern approaches to sustainable development invite cities to create cleaner and more environmentally friendly spaces. It is desirable to use the potential of citizens in this winding path to overcome the challenges ahead and increase the efficiency and productivity of urban spaces. This study aimed to measure the relationship between the dimensions of sustainable development and citizen participation. It attempts to explain the main priorities of practical solutions in the context of Tehran. Tehran has a population of 13 million, and 395 questionnaires were randomly distributed among citizens using Cochran’s formula. The results obtained by the statistical software SPSS indicated the need to pay attention to the culture, development, and expansion of cultural
and participatory spaces, such as mosques in Tehran. The research was applied, and data fitting in the quantitative method and analytical-descriptive in the qualitative section reported the need to pay attention to the cultural foundations of Tehran citizens. However, their priority is the development and expansion of the religious and cultural space of mosques, which is effective and prominent.


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