Evaluation of smart materials application in optimizing energy consumption in office buildings (Case Study: cold and mountainous regions of Iran, Tabriz)

Document Type : Case Study


Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Islamic Azad University, Science & research Unit Tehran, Iran.


The reduction of energy resources, as well as the high costs of using renewable resources, as well as the increasing destruction of the environment and global warming, have caused the advanced countries in the world to deal more with the energy crisis. Considering the economic and environmental effects of high energy consumption in the building sector, sustainable design and development in architecture seems to be essential, one of the important ways to save energy in the building industry is to design a smart building and use smart techniques and materials. The aim of the current research is to evaluate the role and application of smart materials in optimizing energy consumption in office buildings in cold and mountainous regions. The research method is analytical research and it is applied on purpose. Accordingly, a building with administrative-service use in the region of Tabriz city was simulated in certain dimensions and field data was evaluated using the design builder and Energy plus software. The findings are that the use of smart concrete instead of ordinary concrete can reduce the high amount of energy consumption in the building and regarding the amount of heating energy used in this simulation, which is practically the most effective part of the results, as can be seen in the coldest days of the year, the maximum difference in the amount of energy required reaches 22.5%, which can significantly save energy consumption.


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