The role of social resilience in reducing damage caused by natural factors affecting desert areas (Case study of land subsidence in Semnan county)

Document Type : Case Study


1 PhD Student, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran.


Today, natural hazards are a reality that has affected a significant part of the southern regions of Semnan. It is of great importance to study the level of resilience against natural hazards due to the fact that it is not possible to prevent the occurrence of these natural hazards in some cases. The present study has been conducted with the aim of investigating the role of social resilience in reducing damages caused by natural factors affecting the desert areas of Semnan City. This study, using the fuzzy model and one-sample t-test, seeks to evaluate the resilience of the southern residents of Semnan County, in this regard, 40 questionnaires (With the snowball sampling method) are available to experts and specialists that the reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed by Cronbach’s alpha and its validity was confirmed by specialists in geography, urban planning and social sciences. The questions included four dimensions which were answered by experts and stakeholders. According to the results, the Second question of the research has been rejected at a significant level and the maximum amount of resilience in the social, economic and institutional dimensions, the amount of resilience is significantly greater than the hypothetical average, and three questions of the research were confirmed and there is no significant relationship between resilience and physical, social, economic and institutional components. Also, the values of resilience of Semnan City are far from the standards. The results of studies show that long-term droughts play an important role in creating land subsidence.


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