Explaining the model of physical resilience indices in approach to the urban form

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Architecture and Urbanism, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

2 Doctoral of Urban Planning, Department of urban planning, Aras international branch, Islamic Azad university, Tabriz, Iran.

3 Doctoral of Urban Planning, Department of urban planning, Islamic Azad university, Tabriz, Iran.

4 Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture – DICAr, University of Pavia, Italy; LATTS, Ecole des Ponts, Univ Gustave Eiffel, CNRS, Marne-la-Vallée, France


Urban resilience is the concept of the capacities of urban areas to recognize the priority of resource mobilization in order to eliminate threats and the effects caused by external threats and for stability in temporal and spatial scales when faced with disturbances, to quickly recover their functions in order to adapt to changes but in physical aspect of it, the main concept is urban form resiliency. The main aim of the research is to express the model of the suggested indicators of urban physical resilience on a local scale to be a basic model of evaluation methods in Iran cites. The current research method is analytical-descriptive, and the objective type is practical. The method of collecting information was based on library studies and field observations. First, the basic concepts such as resiliency, urban resiliency at the scale of urban form were investigated and the research framework was extracted. After that, based on the number of factors extracted from the theoretical framework, using the fuzzy Delphi method, the factors were digitally determined by the questionnaire technique from 16 elites and experts in the research field in 3 rounds, and finally the final indexes. The results show indexes of urban infrastructure, urban environment and transportation have the highest score and as a result, the most impact in realizing the construction and practical model. In future, study the relationship of indexes as variation can be evaluated in approach to sustainability.


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